MUNICIPAL:
Baucau

Bacau is located 177 km away east of Dili.

The bright Ikat from Makasae generally consist of female Tais (rabi, M) and male (kola, M).  The characteristics of these two fabrics are the transverse and longitudinal line with bright colors, dark red, magenta, pink, blue, purple and gree. The colorful center part is decorated with thick maroon ribbon. While the soft ribbon are used exclusively on rabi and kola fabric.

Timor-Leste Map
HOW TO GET TO Baucau

About 3-4 hours from Dili with 4WD Vehicle to Baucau...

Baucau

Other Techniques on Makasae fabric decoration consist of additional woof thread (Tiranai, M) which surfaced as a symbol of head and toe with maroon color (gi wali.M). Male Kola usually were protected with a twin reddish Ika (g Liana uta raci, M). The long side of the of Kola Ikat are structured evenly as the ancestor did it. Meanwhile, there are smaller geometrical decorations that were sewed on top of the twin edge, known as gi suru (M). 

Makasae citizens are a fluent Papuan language speakers, they uphold the patriarchal culture that revolves around sacred heritage house (oma bese, M). They live around Bian Mate Mountain in Timor-Leste. The social relationship of Makaese citizen is nourished by the concept of "Sharing is caring, if you don't share then you are not human" (to anu lafu, M). The continuity of life and death depends on food and tools barter between the giver wives (oma rahe, M) and the recipient wives (tufu mata, M.) Buffaloes, horses, and sword are commonly used to protect the soil are usually given by the groom while the bride gives back the gift in the form of rice, pork, orange necklace (gaba, M, Morten, T) and Ikat that were made by the bride's family for the groom's parent.

Tais are still presented by the giver wives to 'give way' for tuma mata, omarahe (M) and one day, many Tais will be presented as part of the bride's wealth (tufurae gi Ira, M). After the bride's parent agree with the offered dowry, the bride will wear a special necklace called Gaba. Gaba or 'spun cottons (gi kida gi toka, M); represents a woman's value as a craftman who could produce beautiful fabric for the family. After the wedding ceremony 'calling the bride out' (rai uara,M) the bride and the groom will wear rabu and kola on their shoulders. The fabrics are known as 'Sandaran Wanita' a gift from the bride's mother (tufurae gi resi,M). When the bride left their homeland for his husband's she will drop the woof onto the ground. The woof then will be taken from the ground by her mother-in law as soon as she entered the groom's house. Several days later the bride's parent will bring rice and pork into a ceremony 'to cover their daughter's track' (ilu ai sfae la'a,M).

 

Name of Group : HOTLIMA
Group leader : Mrs. Nina de Sousa
Contact detail : +670 77045938
Members : 10 people

 

 

 

Raw Material

Other adornments and techniques used on Makasae fabrics contain supplementary weft (tiranai, M) that come as a distinctive emblem of the head and foot section of rabi in reddish brown (gi wali, M). Men's kola is historically covered with twin woven outer lines (g liana, uta raci, M). A long, tied kola edge remains decomposed and cut at regular intervals, conforming to how their ancestors made Tais. The small geometric motives woven above the twin borders are known as gi suru (M).

Pattern & Design

Common characteristics of Baucau' Tais are its transverse and longitudinal lines with colors such as vermillion, scarlet, pink, purple, blue, purple and green. The central part of this Tais will be given a rather brownish red thick ribbon. While the smooth Ikat ribbon are used limitedly on Rabi and Kola fabric. Other techniques used on Makasae's decorative are additional woof (tiranai,M) which surfaced as a symbol of head and toe with maroon color (gi wali.M). Male Kola usually were protected with a twin reddish Ika (g Liana uta raci, M). The long side of the of Kola Ikat are structured evenly as the ancestor did it. Meanwhile, there are smaller geometrical decorations that were sewed on top of the twin edge, known as gi suru (M).

"Tais Feto Rabisika Baucau, Timor-Leste"

The Correlation between Tradition and Tais in Baucau

In sophisticated Makasae's funeral tradition, Tais is a thing that has to be given to the bereaved family. Kolas are used as to shroud the corpse, for base layer and to shroud the coffin. Kola are also used as a divider to separate the room which acts as a morgue and a storage for the coffin during the mourning period and during the ceremony before burial. In this process Kola acts as a protection practically and metaphorically. Kola Is again then used as a part of 'Kore Metan' ceremony that is held one year after the funeral. In this ceremony the Kola will be placed in the room where they place the body and the family gathers to signal the end of the mourning period and its function.