Located on the south coast of the island, it borders the district of Manatuto to the east, Aileu to the north, Ainaro to the west and the Timor Sea to the south. It has a population of 48.628 inhabitants (Census 2010) and an area of 1.325 km2. The capital of the district is Same. In 1945, during the Portuguese Timor, this district was also called Same. It now comprises the subdistricts of Alas, Fatuberliu, Same and Turiscai. The latter – Turiscai, previously in Ainaro, was moved to Manufahi during the Indonesian administration, while Hatudo was split off from Manufahi and joined to Ainaro. In addition to the official languages of the country (Tetun and Portuguese), the majority of the population speaks Mambai.