TIMOR-LESTE
IN BRIEF

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (also known as Timor Lorosa'e) is situated on Timor Island inhabited by two independent states. The eastern territory stands as part of Timor-Leste, whilst the western part belongs to Indonesia. Other regions of the country include Kambing Island or Atauro, Jaco, and the Oecussi-Ambeno enclave in West Timor. South Timor, which is located approximately 640 kilometers from Darwin, borders directly with Australia.

Area:

14.954 Km2

Population:

1,066,582 (2010 Cencus) & Diproyeksikan 2014= 1,212,107

Capital:

Díli

Nationality:

Timorese

Official Languages:

Portuguese and Tétum (national language) Apart from these there are another 15 local dialects

Working Languages:

English and Bahasa Indonesian

Declaration of Independence:

November 28, 1975

Restoration of Independence:

May 20, 2002

Date of promulgation of the Constitution:

March 22, 2002, effective since May 20 2002

Government System:

Parliamentary Republic

Administrative Division:

13 Municipalities, 65 Sub-Municipalities, 442 Sucos

Ethnic Composition:

Majority of the population is of Malay-Polynesian and papua origin; minorities of Chinese, Arabs and Europeans

Religion:

About 90% Catholics; Minorities of Protestants, and Muslims

Climate:

Tropical hot and humid; Tropical rains; Moderate in the mountains

Location:

Situated 550 km north of Australia, it is the smallest and more eastern island of the Malay archipelago. Timor-Leste includes the enclave of Oecussi-Ambeno, situated on the Western (Indonesian) part of the island, and the islands of Ataúro and Jaco. It is the only Portuguese speaking country independent nation in Asia

Physical Aspects:

North and South costs are divided by mountain ranges. Altitudes inferior to 3000 m; Most elevated point is the Ramelau with 2972 m. Vegetation characterized by the abundance of Teak trees, sandal trees, coconuts and eucalyptus

Currency:

American Dollar (USD)

Time Zone:

UTC + 9h (UTC)

Internet Code (TLD):

.tl

International Telephone Code:

+670

 

The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (also known as Timor Lorosa’e) is situated on Timor Island inhabited by two independent states. The eastern territory stands as part of Timor-Leste, whilst the western part belongs to Indonesia. Other regions of the country include Kambing Island or Atauro, Jaco, and the Oecussi-Ambeno enclave in West Timor. South Timor, which is located approximately 640 kilometers from Darwin, borders directly with Australia.


Timor Leste’s capital is Dili, with an estimated population of 1.06 million people (according to the 2010 census) that increased to 1.21 million residents by the year of 2014. The people of Timor-Leste inhabit 13 municipal regions, 65 submunicipal regions, and 442 sucos (villages). The majority of the population consists of Malay-Polynesian descendants and indigenous Papuans, while the minorities are made up of Chinese, Arab, and European descendants


The country, with a total land area of 14,954 km2, has Portuguese and Tetum as its official languages, along with 15 local dialects. This makes Timor-Leste the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Asian continent. At the same time, Indonesian and English are used in everyday conversation. A large percentage of its citizens are Catholics, and only about two per cent adopt Protestanism and Islam. Timor-Leste is a tropical country, with a rainy spell lasting from December to April and dry season seen from May to November. The daily temperature in the lowland ranges from 30ºC to 35ºC, and decreases to 20ºC in the nighttime.


The country, with a total land area of 14,954 km2, has Portuguese and Tetum as its official languages, along with 15 local dialects. This makes Timor-Leste the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Asian continent. At the same time, Indonesian and English are used in everyday conversation. A large percentage of its citizens are Catholics, and only about two per cent adopt Protestanism and Islam. Timor-Leste is a tropical country, with a rainy spell lasting from December to April and dry season seen from May to November. The daily temperature in the lowland ranges from 30ºC to 35ºC, and decreases to 20ºC in the nighttime. Mountainous regions have cooler weather with an average night temperature of 15ºC on higher grounds. The north and south beaches are separated by a series of mountains of below 3,000 meters. The highest region is Ramaleu, which is 2,972 meters tall. Long-lived perennials such as teak, sandalwood, coconuts, and eucalyptus oil, vary greatly across the country. The national currency is the USD, used in everyday economic and trading activities.


Following Timor-Leste’s independent restoration on May 20th, 2002, the government has worked hard to rebuild the country, reiterating a stronger sense of unity and national identity while restoring the dignity and welfare of the people of Timor-Leste.


 

 

 

 

The Numbers of Municipalities and Distance Among Municipalities Town (in km)